Diabetes is a term used when the sugar (glucose) made by our body's cells for energy can't keep a normal level. When we eat our food, the food is broken down into sugar. The sugar is used for energy and other nutrients our bodies need. The level of sugar in our bodies is controlled by a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps sugar (glucose) enter our bloodstream in the right amounts. When we can't use all the sugar that is stored in our blood stream our sugar (glucose) levels start to rise.

There are two types of Diabetes:

Type I (sometimes called juvenile diabetes) happens when our body can’t make insulin. How does this happen? The body attacks and destroys the cells that make insulin. Once these cells are gone the body cannot make any more new cells. Type 1 Diabetes means that the person will have to take daily insulin shots. They will also be checking blood sugars by poking a finger and measuring the blood in a glucose meter.

Type 2 happens when the body can make insulin. It just can’t always use it the right way. The person may be able to control blood sugar with proper diet and exercise. They may also need to take oral medications or insulin shots to manage their diabetes.

When you have diabetes it is important to go see the doctor often and follow medical advice.

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